The Kremlin Tour

assumptoin_cathedral2The Kremlin is the heart of Russia, its historical, cultural and political center. The history of Moscow started here, when the first settlement surrounded by the fortified wall appeared on this very place in the 12th century. The Kremlin is a town in a town with its own streets and squares, palaces and cathedrals. All the history of Russia is connected with the Kremlin.

Cathedral Square is a breathtaking architectural ensemble of the 15th - 17th centuries, where the life of Russian grand princes and tsar started and ended. The main Orthodox cathedrals are concentrated here: the majestic Assumption cathedral of the 15th century, where all the Russian tsars were crowned, the cathedral of Archangel Michael, the burial vault of Russian tsars, the Annunciation cathedral with its unique iconostasis of the 15th century. One can see Tsar's bell and cannon, stunning examples of casting of the 16th - 18th centuries; the Grand Kremlin Palace, the former imperial residence to the Russian President's gala reception quarters; political and governmental buildings of the Kremlin, the Senate, the Kremlin Theater (Former Palace of Congresses), the Arsenal. Kremlin walls and towers form a unique fortress of Middle Ages' Russia.

Open 10-17.00, closed on Thursday.

The Armoury Chamber

The Armoury Chamber is the oldest museum of Russia. It is the treasure house of the Russian state that has been formed during many centuries. You can see here a unique and the richest collection of ancient state crown regalia, jewels, gems, icon covers, crosses, thrones, carriages, coronation robes and top clergy vestments, Faberge Royal Easter eggs. Nothing is here by chance or lacks artistic value - almost each exhibit here is directly related to some historical events or personalities in Russia.

Works in shifts 10.00, 12.00, 14.30, 16.00, closed on Thursday.

Diamond Fund Collection

Diamond Fund is a precious collection housed in the building of the Kremlin Armory. Most of the exhibition is made up of forearm-sized nuggets of gold. The centerpiece is Catherine the Great's French-made crown and scepter. The crown is made of almost 5000 diamonds. The scepter contains the 190-carat Orlov Diamond.

Open 10.00-17.00, lunch 13.00-14.00, closed on Thursday.

Red Square

red_squareAs ancient chronicles assert, Red Square appeared at the end of 15th century, when Ivan III ordered to ruin all wooden buildings surrounding the Kremlin and threatening with fire, and to allot this area for a market. That's how the first name of the square - Trade Square - appeared. However, in 16th century the Square was renamed into "Troitskaya (Trinity) Square" after the Church of Saint Trinity. Later the Cathedral of Basil the Blessed was erected at the place of St. Trinity Church.

In Russia the same object might have several names. Red Square was officially given its modern name in 19th century, though the name was mentioned in the documents of 17th century. Different centuries left their traces: 15th century gave the Kremlin's Wall Spasskaya, Senatskaya and Nikolskaya towers; 16th - Place of Execution (Lobnoe mesto), and the Cathedral of Basil the Blessed; 19th century - the monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the building of Historical museum and Upper Trade Rows (GUM), 20th century - Lenin's Tomb.

St. Basil's Cathedral (Cathedral of the Intercession)

stbasil2Unique monument of world architecture and the monument to the glory of the Russian State. The richly decorated cathedral, one of the architectural landmarks of Red Square, St. Basil's was created between 1555 and 1561 to celebrate Ivan the Terrible's taking of the Tatar stronghold of Kazan. This building's unique cluster of colors and shapes is the ultimate symbol of Russia. Despite its oriental-looking turban domes, the cathedral is the culmination of a wholly Russian style. Structurally, it was designed to consist of eight separate churches symbolizing days of decisive battles for Kazan and one central church.

Open 11.00-18.00, Saturday and Sunday till 17.00, closed on Tuesday.

Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts

pushkin_museumToday it is Russia's second largest collection of Western European art after the Hermitage in St. Petersburg. The museum comprises the collection of Egyptian, Assyrian, Antique, early Christian Arts. In the museum you will discover art works of great artists from Italy, Holland, Flanders, Spain, England, France and Germany. A world famous collection of French paintings from 19th to the beginning of the 20th century contains major works by Monet, Renoir, Degas, Gauguin, Van Gogh, Cazanne and Matisse together with Henry Schlimann's breakthrough - Golden Treasures of Troy

Open 10.00-18.00, closed on Monday.

The Tretyakov Picture Gallery

tret_galThe State Tretyakov Gallery is a national art museum which boasts the world's largest collection of Russian art. The Gallery was founded by P. Tretyakov, a Moscow merchant and textile manufacturer, and was named after him. In 1892, Tretyakov gave his collection (about 1800 works) as a gift to Moscow City and the Gallery turned into the city's museums. In the Soviet period, the collection grew up to 100.000 works, part of them are kept in the New Tretyakov Art Gallery. Among the exhibits are the most famous Russian icons including the "Holy Virgin of Vladimir" of early 12th century, Andrey Rublev's "Holy Trinity", masterpieces by Repin, Surikov, Shishkin, Savrasov, Aivazovsky and others.

Open 10.00-18.00, closed on Monday.

Cathedral of Christ the Savior

church_christ_saviour3The only exposition in Moscow, located in the basement of the serving Cathedral, commemorating Russia's victory in the war against Napoleon in 1812 and tells about Russia's spiritual revival. The Cathedral was built in 1883. In 1931 the Soviet authorities blew it up. In 2000 the life-size copy of the cathedral was restored on the same place. One can get access to the panoramic observation platform that, at 40 meters, offers a fantastic view of the city.

Open 10.00-17.00, closed on Monday.

New Tretyakov Art gallery

Russian art from the avant-garde of the 1910-20s up to the new wave of 1980s. The collection features paintings by Malevich, Kandinski, Natalya Goncharov, Lentulov together with the works of Soviet Socialist Realism.

Open 10.00-18.00, closed on Monday.

Novodevichy Convent

novodevichiy3Novodevichy (New Maidens') Convent is one of the most significant architectural monuments of Moscow after the Kremlin. The Complex of the Museum consists of architectural ensemble of the XVI - XVII centuries. The Convent is one of the city's most beautiful architectural ensembles, full of history and treasures. Grand Prince Vasili III founded the Novodevichy Convent in 1524 to commemorate the return of the city of Smolensk to Russia. The convent, built as a fortress in the bend of the Moscow River, became an important component of the capital's southern defense belt. It was the witness and the participant of important historical events, associated with the names of Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, Sofia and Peter I. The excursion includes visiting the Cathedral of Virgin of Smolensk.

Open 10.00-18.00, closed on Tuesday. The main Cathedral is open in warm (18°C and above) weather only.

Novodevichy Cemetery

The adjacent Novodevichy Cemetery is Moscow's most prestigious resting place after the Kremlin wall, containing the tombs of Khrushchev, Gogol, Chekhov, Bulgakov, Mayakovskv, Chaliapin, Stanislavskv, Eisenstain, Gromiko, Molotov, Tupolev and many other Russian and Soviet notables.

World War II Museum (Central Museum of the Great patriotic War of 1941-1945)

poklonnaya_hillThe Museum is the center of the memorial complex of the great victory. Memorial complex contains dioramas depicting major battles, a picture gallery and exhibition hall. It includes the Victory Park and an open-air museum of military weapons, artillery, equipment, aircrafts, and engineering facilities, as well as the Monument of Victory (142,5 meters high), the Church of St. George Triumphant, the memorial mosque and Jewish memorial with synagogue.

Open 10.00-18.00, closed on Monday.

Borodino Battle Panorama

Exposition is dedicated to the war of 1812. The Patriotic War of 1812 or "Russian Campaign of Napoleon" occupies one of the most significant places in the century-old dramatic history of Russia. The war became the beginning of the end of the Napoleon Empire. A huge 115 meters long circular painting depicts the battle against Napoleon troops in September 1812.

Kolomenskoye Open-Air Historical Museum

kolomnskThe ensemble features excellent examples of church and secular architecture of the 16th - 19th centuries. It is located at the territory of the former summer residence of Russian Grand Dukes and Tsars. The architectural ensemble includes the famous 16th century Church of the Ascension built in the old Russian "tent" style. An open-air museum includes examples of Russian wooden architecture of the 17-18th centuries. The house of Peter the Great was move here from Arkhangerlsk. The Tsar lived there in 1702 while supervising the ship construction of the Northern fleet. The museum boasts a collection of icons, metalwork, tiles.

Open 10.00-18.00, closed on Monday.

 


Nikolay Gusarov +7 (964) 762-47-92 gussarov@rambler.ru
Olga Bogoyavlenskaya +7 (985) 766-20-43 olga@rusadventure.com
© 2005-2017, RusAdventure. All Rights Reserved & Managed